All Directions in Vastu Shastra
Vastu involves an understanding of the eight directions i.e. four cardinal directions, North, East, South and West and four angles or Vidishas which are North-East (Eshaan), South-East (Agneya), South-West (Nairitya) and North-West (Vayavya). The central portion is called Brahmasthan.
- North: The presiding deity in North is Kuber, the lord of wealth and prosperity. Astrologically, Mercury rules North direction. An open North Direction augurs well for finances. North is also the place of mother. By leaving open space in North, maternal side prospers.
- East: Belongs to Lord Indra. The Sun rises from here. East is the direction of family generation. While constructing a house, open area should be left in East. This gives a long life to the head of the family.
- West: The West direction belongs to Lord Varuna. Astrologically, this direction is ruled by Saturn. This direction gives success, glory, fame and fortune.
- South: Yama is the presiding deity in South direction. South side has the capacity to give success, happiness and peace provided the construction is as per Vastu principles.
- Eshaan Kona (North-East) is the portion between North and East. It is the water zone. Lord of this zone is Shiva. There should not be any construction in this zone. Wells or borewells built here give very auspicious results. Eashanya zones of the house and of all room in the building must kept clean and free of clutter to avoid unpleasant results.
- Agneya Kona (South-East) lies between the South and East directions. This is Fire zone and Agni is the presiding deity. South-East is ruled by Venus. Kitchen should be placed in South-East direction. The sector if strong gives good health.
- Nairitya Kona (South-West): is the portion between South and West. Nairiti or Putna is the presiding deity in this direction. Astrologically South-West is the direction of Rahu and Ketu. The element here is Earth. South-West should always be high and heavy. Pits, wells, septic tanks, water tanks, boring, toilets etc. must not be constructed here.
- Vayavya Kona (North-West) : is the between North and West directions. This is the Wind zone. The presiding deity is Vayu. This sector is responsible for relationships, friends and enemies. If Vayavya Kone is faultless, then there will be many helpful friends and associates.
Since each Angle has two directions they have been further divided into two parts.
North-East (NE) — North of NE and East of NE
South-East (SE) — South of SE and East of SE
South-West (SW) — South of SW and West of SW
North-West (NW) — North of NW and West of NW
Vastu is based on the directional energy and identifying directions is the first step before any Vastu evaluation is undertaken. Roughly, the identification can be done by the Sunrise direction as Sun rises from East and sets in West via South. But if the identification is based on Sunrise direction, there is chance of a mistake. There is a sizable difference between the Sunrise Positions on June 21 and December 21, the longest and shortest days respectively. Sun rises on true East only on the days of equinox which are September 21 and March 21. On these days, the days and night are equal. The best way is using a magnetic Compass for identifying directions.
Using a Magnetic Compass
There are two types of compass available in the market, floating disc and the pivotal needle. The most common is the pivotal needle. There needle of a compass always points towards North. While using the needle compass, place the compass near the center of the plot, house or workplace and wait for the needle to stop oscillating. When the needle stabilizes, align the North marked N on the dial directly below the needle. The other three directions will automatically get positioned by moving the body of the compass. In case of floating disc compass, place the compass at the centre and the pointers will indicate all directions automatically. The points of directions shall be the same outside or inside the structure.